Remains of 27 species of large and medium-sized mammals have been found, (such as cave hyena, cave lion, etc.) and 39 species of small mammals, as well as remnants of reptiles, 50 bird species and other vertebrates.
Neanderthal mt DNA was present in soil samples from layer 15 of the Main Gallery, a layer associated with Paleolithic artifacts where no Neanderthal fossils have been found.
' Bear Rock') is a cave in the Bashelaksky Range of the Altai mountains, Siberia, Russia.
The cave is of great paleoarchaeological and paleontological interest.
The use of collagen peptide mass fingerprinting of ancient bone samples, so-called Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (Zoo MS), for species identification allowed the sorting of 2,315 unidentified bone fragments from 2012 One sample, DC1227 (Denisova 11), taken from layer 12 of the East Gallery, carried human traits.
This was the first time that this technique was used to successfully identify the presence of an extinct human.
Search for dating hermit:
Neanderthal and Denisovan mt DNA were present in samples from layers 14 and 15, respectively, from the East Gallery, lower than any previous fossil finds.