Dating prehistoric remains
Subfossil remains of many Ice Age animals have been found here, including mammoths, mastodon, ground sloths, bison, tapir, lion, jaguar, saber-toothed cats, short face bears, dire wolves, and many others.Scientists do not know exactly what happened, but they are able to make educated guesses from volcanic rocks and fossils.In certain parts of the world, entire animals have been preserved in ice.In Siberia and in the upper reaches of North America, scientists have found Mammoth fossils complete with hair, skin and internal organs.A sea-wall was built to preserve these remains, but during the construction work, yet more ancient buildings were discovered."I hear, says the writer in The Bulletin, that the excavations at Skerrabrae in Orkney, which attracted so much attention last year, are to be resumed at an early date. Gordon Childe will again co-operate with the representatives of the Office of Works.Thereafter, the settlement was gradually covered by a drifting wall of sand that hid it from sight for for over 40 centuries.
In addition, the increasing number of visitors to the site annually are causing problems.Writing in 1928, Orcadian scholar Hugh Marwick declared: "An elderly Sandwick man, who has lived in the neighbourhood all his days, informs me that he had always hear it referred to as "Styerrabrae", i.e.Skerrabrae, with the local palatalising of 'sk' before a front vowel." At one time it was thought that a fresh water lagoon lay between the village and the Neolithic coastline.Fossils are the remains of plants or animals from prehistoric times. This is when the organic plant or animal material is replaced with minerals and eventually hardens into rock.They are a rarity as most organisms, then and now, are either consumed by other organisms or completely decay at death. Examples of this are the petrified trees found in the Petrified Forest National Park in Arizona.
Search for dating prehistoric remains:
Iinvestigations by the Quaternary Society, however, revealed that although the lagoon certainly existed, by the time of Skara Brae's construction, it had dried up leaving an area of open grassland.