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In fact it is a synchronization of the new calendar with the Gregorian one.It says that the next 1 October of the Julian calendar becomes 14 October in the new Julian calendar, dropping thirteen days.Until the beginning of the 20th century, the Eastern Orthodox Church used the Julian calendar and didn't accept the calendar reforms of the Roman Catholic Council of Trent.The Julian calendar, designed by the astronomer Sosigenes, was introduced in 46 BC, by the emperor Julius Caesar.Until 1054, the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches were one body.
This is the special occasion when many daring young Greek men brave the chilly waters to dive for a cross after it has been blessed by a priest and thrown into the water.
The leap year rule was proposed by Milutin Milankovic, who was an astronomer delegated to the synod, and represented the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes of that time.
The Revised Julian calendar was adopted by the Orthodox churches of Constantinople, Alexandria, Greece, Romania, Poland, Antioch and Bulgaria.
According to it, the year has 365 days divided into 12 months, and a leap year is added to February every four years.
It has been used until the beginning of the 20th century, being generally replaced by the Gregorian calendar.